We have compiled a comprehensive list of common disorders below. Click on a title to view more information about each one.
For more in-depth information, you can also visit www.spine-health.com.
Degeneration of the discs and arthritis of the spine are common issues. These conditions may be accelerated or precipitated by aging, trauma or repetitive use.The distribution of the pain and tingling may reflect which level or disc is the cause of the symptoms.
When discs degenerate, becoming less supple due to age or back strain, the disc may prolapse — squeezing out some of the soft core. This loss of cushioning may cause pressure on nerves roots and cause back or neck pain, numbness or tingling in the arms, or searing pain down one or both legs.
Post-laminectomy syndrome refers to the persistence of pain and disability following laminectomy. Laminectomy is a type of back surgery performed to relieve nerve compression (radiculopathy) or nerve root injury in the spine caused by disc herniation or spinal canal narrowing (spinal stenosis) related to degenerative changes.
Most patients will have a persisting point tenderness overlying the inflamed facet joints and some degree of loss in the spinal muscle flexibility
Sciatica (pron.: /saɪˈætɪkə/; sciatic neuritis or lumbar radiculopathy) is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression or irritation of one of five spinal nerve roots that give rise to each sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the left or right or both sciatic nerves. Symptoms include lower back pain, buttock pain, and pain, numbness or weakness in various parts of the leg and foot.
A painful condition of the lower back, as one resulting from muscle strain or a slipped disk.
Sacroiliitis is an inflammation of either just one or both of the joints that connect your lower spine to your pelvis. It is characterized by extreme pain and a severely restricted range of motion.
Spinal stenosis is primarily an aging process in the spine. Stenosis is derived from the Greek meaning, "narrowing of a normally larger opening." Stenosis of the spine can occur in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar region.
A general descriptive term for a set of symptoms and signs without any implication of pathophysiology or etiology. It is characterized by diffused burning pain, allodynia (pain on light touch), and autonomic dysfunction with sweating, temperature change, and redness or cyanotic mottling. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy occurs in adults and children,
Occipital Neuritis is another word for the sharp pain that you experience at the back of your neck.
Commonly known as shingles and also known as zona, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a stripe.
Most low back pain is short-term (acute) and will go away in a few weeks. It is more likely to become long-lasting (chronic) if you are depressed or under stress. Depending on the cause, low back pain can cause a range of symptoms. The pain may be dull or sharp. It may be in one small area or over a broad area.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. A joint is the area where two bones meet.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which there is pressure on the median nerve -- the nerve in the wrist that supplies feeling and movement to parts of the hand. It can lead to numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage in the hand and fingers.
Chronic pain persists and persists, with no end in sight.
Fibromyalgia is a common syndrome in which a person has long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues.
A migraine is a common type of headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light. In many people, a throbbing pain is felt only on one side of the head.
Shoulder problems including pain, are one of the more common reasons for physician visits for musculoskeletal symptoms. The shoulder is the most movable joint in the body. However, it is an unstable joint because of the range of motion allowed. This instability increases the likelihood of joint injury,
A vertebral compression fracture occurs when the bones of the spine become broken due to trauma.
Failed back syndrome (FBS), also called "failed back surgery syndrome" (FBSS), refers to chronic back and/or leg pain that occurs after back (spinal) surgery
Peripheral neuropathy is damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of or trauma to the nerve or the side effects of systemic illness.
Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) is the gradual degeneration of the discs that reside between the vertebrae in the spine. The discs in the spine act as shock absorbers for our entire body weight.
Lumbar arthritis or lumbar arthritis of facet joints or lumbar facet arthritis is one of the common forms of arthritis of spine.
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a medical condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves at the level of the lumbar vertebra. This is usually due to the common occurrence of spinal degeneration that occurs with aging.
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) refers to chronic back or neck pain, with or without extremity pain, that can occur if a spine surgery does not achieve the desired result.
Arthralgia is pain in one or more of your joints. The pain may be described as sharp, dull, stabbing, burning or throbbing, and may range in intensity from mild to severe. There are many causes of arthralgia, including injury, infection, arthritis, and other ailments.
Complex regional pain syndrome is an uncommon form of chronic pain that usually affects an arm or leg. Complex regional pain syndrome typically develops after an injury, surgery, stroke or heart attack, but the pain is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury
Injury to the peripheral nerves can occur through a variety of trauma. In order to fully determine the extent of the damage to the nerve, your doctor may order an EMG / NCV, an electrical conduction test to determine the passage of electrical currents through the nerves
Chronic myofascial pain (CMP), is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain caused by multiple trigger points and fascial constrictions. Characteristic features of a myofascial trigger point include: focal point tenderness, reproduction of pain upon trigger point palpation etc.
Nerve root damage or pinched nerves are more common in lumbar (lower back) vertebrae or disc injuries such as a herniated disc. Symptoms can include numbness, weakness, and pain that radiates down the buttocks, legs and even into the feet and toes.
Severe neck pain, especially that caused by a condition within the cervical spine such as a bulging disc, herniated disc, cervical stenosis, osteoarthritis or degenerative disc disease, can keep you awake at night or prevent you from turning your head without discomfort.
Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
Radicular pain, or radiculitis, refers to the pain-related symptoms caused by the inflammation of a spinal nerve root in the spinal column.
Occipital neuralgia, also known as C2 neuralgia, is a medical condition characterized by chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head and behind the eyes.
Postherpetic neuralgia is pain that lasts for more than a month after a shingles infection occurred. The pain may last for months or years.